Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability in the United States.
From 2006 to 2014, the number of TBI-related emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths increased by 53%.
In 2014, an average of 155 people in the United States died each day from injuries that include a TBI according to CDC data.Those who survive a TBI can face effects that last a few days, or the rest of their lives.
Effects of TBI can include
These issues not only affect individuals but also can have lasting effects on families and communities.
A TBI is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all blows to the head result in a TBI. The severity of a TBI may range from mild, causing only a brief change in mental status or consciousness, to severe, resulting in an extended period of unconsciousness or memory loss after the injury.
In 2014, about 2.87 million TBI-related emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and deaths occurred in the United States. Over 837,000 of these health events were among children. TBI contributed to the deaths of 56,800 people, including 2,529 deaths of children.
A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) often leads to life-long disabilities that have a dramatic effect on the survivor's mobility, mental capacity, and personal relationships. Disabilities can derail a TBI survivor's career, and quality of life. Depression and withdrawal are common responses.
That is why it is so important to understand this disability–to help TBI survivors to cope with the changes in their abilities and lead fulfilling lives.
- Data from Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of the United States